Posts Tagged ‘exegesis’

Discussion of the prophetic significance of Psalm 22. It doesn’t seem prophetic to you? Not delivered according to the typical prophetic ‘format’? Corruption of the text in “Christian Bibles”? All covered (in brief) in the audio.

 

An overview of the “back handed slap” in the cultural context below:

Unfortunately, Christianity has removed itself from the biblical culture to the point many idioms or cultural expressions are not understood as with this passage. Yeshua is quoting from Proverbs 25:23-29 which are instructions for wisdom concerning deceptive speech, personal slander, and returning a verbal insult when verbally attacked. To “turn the other cheek” is a Hebrew idiom for not returning an insult when one is received, not as many think, that your enemy is allowed to attack you or you family without encountering resistance and self defense. – Source

When is the ‘hidden meaning’ of the scriptures taken too far?

This Jewish method gets its name from the first letter of each ‘level of interpretation’. The Jewish Encyclopaedia notes that the “Christian mode of exegesis (which was well known to the Spanish Jews) probably served as a model; in this the fourfold sense (historical or literal, tropological or moral, allegorical, and anagogical) had long since been formulated”.

Peshat (פְּשָׁט) — “plain” (“simple”) or the direct meaning[1].
Remez (רֶמֶז) — “hints” or the deep (allegoric: hidden or symbolic) meaning beyond just the literal sense.
Derash (דְּרַשׁ) — from Hebrew darash: “inquire” (“seek”) — the comparative (midrashic) meaning, as given through similar occurrences.
Sod (סוֹד) (pronounced with a long O as in ‘bone’) — “secret” (“mystery”) or the mystical meaning, as given through inspiration or revelation.

Each type of Pardes interpretation examines the extended meaning of a text. As a general rule, the extended meaning never contradicts the base meaning. The Peshat means the plain or contextual meaning of the text. Remez is the allegorical meaning. Derash includes the metaphorical meaning, and Sod represents the hidden meaning. There is often considerable overlap, for example when legal understandings of a verse are influenced by mystical interpretations or when a “hint” is determined by comparing a word with other instances of the same word.

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The challenge “the Jewish set of verses will pass any criteria that you set up & the Christian set of verses will not…”.

True? How well do you know Jewish traditional & Talmudic interpretations? Let’s test the challenge…

Line of Fire Radio (12:21-24:00). Listen to full audio here.

How to understand some of the difficult sayings of Jesus…

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